en cy
c+
Organised Sport Participation

Recommendation

There are currently no specific recommendations for the amount of children and young people’s sport or dance participation. However, in line with Sport Wales’ Vision of ‘Every Child Hooked on Sport for Life’, the percentage of children ‘hooked on sport’ was used by the Research Work Group as the benchmark for grading this indicator.

In the Active Healthy Kids Wales 2016 Report Card, the percentage of children ‘hooked on sport’ (in line with Sport Wales’ Vision of ‘Every Child Hooked on Sport for Life’) was used by the Research Work Group as the benchmark for grading this indicator. However, due to changes from a 2-year cycle to a 3-year cycle in the administration of the Sport Wales’ School Sport Survey, up to date data on children and young people ‘hooked on sport’ was not available.

The Research Work Group therefore decided to use the Active Health Kids Global Alliance benchmark to allow for the best available data to be included in the grading of this indicator.

Definitions

For children ages 7-16 years old
The percentage of children who take part in sport on three or more occasions a week, in an extracurricular (school-based) or a community club setting. Curricular PE activity is not included.

For young people aged 16+ years old
The percentage of young people who take part in sport on three or more occasions a week, in any setting.

Survey Data

A nationally representative data source was used by the Research Work Group to assign an organised sport participation grade.

The School Health Research Network: Student Health and Wellbeing Survey (2017) collected self-report data on 112,054 children and young people aged 11-17 years old. Distributed to 193 schools in Wales, children and young people were asked to report organised activities they took part in, in their free time outside of school. Possible responses to this question were as follows:

a) Organised team sport activities (e.g. football, basketball and volleyball)
b) Organised individual sport activities (e.g. tennis, gymnastics and karate)
c) Attending drama, arts or music groups (e.g. orchestra, choir, dance, theatre, playing a musical instrument)
d) Attending a club (e.g. chess club, debate club, science club)
e) Children and youth organisations (e.g. scouting, guides, cadets, Duke of Edinburgh)
f) Attending faith-based activities (religious services, classes and religious youth groups)
g) Volunteering for a club or organisation

The Research Work Group decided that responses, a) Organised team sport activities (e.g. football, basketball and volleyball), b) Organised individual sport activities (e.g. tennis, gymnastics and karate) and e) Children and youth organisations (e.g. scouting, guides, cadets, Duke of Edinburgh) should be considered for grading this indicator. The justification for the inclusion of ‘children and youth organisations’ was that these organisations promote physical activity through outdoor physical activities and adventures. (The research work group considered using response c) to include dance, but due to dance being pooled with other art forms this response was excluded)

The survey showed that 55% of children and young people reported attending at least one of these outside school organised activities. There was a difference in the proportion of boys and girls attending at least one of these outside school organised activities (60% boys and 51% girls). There was also a difference in the proportion of children and young people across ethnicities; 56% among white populations and 47% among black and minority ethnic (BME) populations, reported attending atleast one of these outside school organised activities.

Read More
  1. 1

    The School Sport Survey (2015) provides data on 115,398 children aged 7-16 years old from across Wales. The survey showed that 48% of children were ‘hooked on sport’ (children who take part in sport on three or more occasions a week in an extracurricular or community club setting). These data showed an upward trend in the percentage of children ‘hooked on sport’ from 27, 40, and 48 percent in 2011, 2013 and 2015, respectively. Moreover, similar proportions of primary (49%) and secondary (48%) age school children were ‘hooked on sport’, although more boys (52%) were ‘hooked on sport’ than girls (44%). Even though there were differences by age, ethnicity, disability and socioeconomic status, there has been an overall increase in the proportion of children ‘hooked on sport’ between 2013 and 2015 for both boys and girls across all of these subgroups (age, ethnicity, disability and socioeconomic status).

  2. 2

    The Further Education Sport Survey (2015) collected data on 4,568 students aged 16+ years old from 12 FE colleges across Wales. The survey showed that 49% of students were ‘hooked on sport’ (take part in sport on three or more occasions a week, in any setting). Specifically in the younger students aged 16-19 years old, 52% of these students were ‘hooked on sport’. The findings in relation to subgroups (gender, age, ethnicity, disability and socioeconomic status) in this survey were very similar to findings from the School Sport Survey (2015). However, trends could not be established due to the survey data being in the first year of data collection.

Close
Deciding on a Grade

The Research Working Group assigned a C+ to this indicator as, when taking participation outside of school in organised team sport activities, organised individual sport activities, and children and youth organisations, the proportion of children and young people was between 54 and 59%. It is important to note that different questions and surveys were used for the grading of the 2018 Organised Sport Participation indicator compared to the 2014 and 2016 report cards.

Considerations
  • It is important to take into consideration that different questions and surveys were used for the grading of the 2018 Organised Sport Participation indicator compared to previous report cards. Therefore, the increase in grade from a C in the 2016 Report Card, to the current C+, should be viewed with caution as it is not an increase in sport participation, but rather the change in the data available and the benchmark used for grading. That being said, the grade is still within the C category, meaning that an increase in participation in sport, dance and organised physical activities/adventures should maintain a priority in Wales. In addition, efforts should be made to address the inequalities that exist between boys and girls and across ethnicities.
  • The School Health Research Network: Student Health and Wellbeing Survey used self-report methods to obtain data on organised activities. Although the survey reports on the different types of organised activities that children and young people take part in, the survey does not report the frequency of participation (i.e. how many times a week do they take part in sport).
  • Current surveys regarding participation in sport/dance/physical activity promoting clubs in Wales do not capture the duration of the sessions that children and young people take part in.
  • There is a lack of evidence on children of early years (under 5 years old). This needs to be addressed through systematic robust data collection methods. Further for the 2018 report card there is no up to date data available for children under 11 years of age.
  • The 2018 School Sport Survey and the Further Education Sport Survey are currently being administered across Wales. Although the data is not available for this report card, this data will be used in the 2020 AHK-Wales report card and will allow the analysis of trends in the children and young people "hooked on sport".
  • The best available evidence shows that just over a half of children and young people in Wales take part in either organised sports (individual or team), or children and youth organisations that provides opportunities to participate in physical activities/adventures.
How to Improve
  • After School Activities - link
  • Scouts Wales/Cymru - link
  • Girl Guiding Wales/Cymru - link
  • Wales - Duke of Edinburgh’s Award - link
Data Sources
  • School Sport Survey 2015 - link
  • Further Education Sport Survey 2015 - link
#AHKWales